A study of the evolution of the European integration project from the European Coal and Steel Community to the present European Union, with emphasis on the politics of the deepening of integration and the expansion of European Union membership.
Analysis of major concepts in the study of international relations, focus on the dynamics of globalization and transformation of nation-states; examination of the role of state and nonstate actors in world politics.
Theory and policy of international trade: National income accounting, balance of payments, interest and exchange rate determination, stabilization policy in open economies and economic integration.
Development of civil society, the public sphere, the state and democratic institutions in modern Europe. Transformation of state-society relations. Evolution of individual rights and participatory mechanisms. Formation and dissemination of a civic culture and democratic social values. Emergence of new social movements, new political ideologies and non-governmental organizations.
Evolution of environmental policy in Turkey, Europe and the Middle East. Linkages between environmental and economic systems. Role of regulatory and economic instruments in environmental policy. Use of regulatory and economic instruments in practice. Environmental policy in the context of international conventions on the environment.