The Middle East as a political entity in International relations; Issues and problems at the domestic and foreign policy levels in the countries of the broader region.
The social policy agenda of industrial democracies. Social policy regimes. The framework of the European Union social policy. Equity and efficiency in the labor markets. Economic costs and benefits of social policy. The development of the European Union social policy. The European Union enlargement and social policy.
Investigation of Europe as the birth place of capitalism, the modern state, and modernity. Examination of the historical uniqueness of European social structures starting in the late Middle Ages. Emphasis on the revival of cities, the Renaissance, the emergence of the modern states, absolutism, the English and French revolutions, the industrial revolution, economic rivalry, and colonialism.